On July 19, 1952, Clarence Clemons, a longshoreman, was beaten and arrested by White police officers in Vancouver, British Columbia. He was later admitted to hospital and went into a coma. Clarence did not make it out of the hospital alive; died on December 24, 1952. The police officers were cleared of any wrongdoing by an all-white male jury at a coroner’s inquest into the cause of Clarence’s death.





Lambertson, R. (2004). The Black, Brown, White and Red Blues: The Beating of Clarence Clemons. The Canadian Historical Review, 85(4), 755-776